Which Country has the Worst Education System?

Are some schools better than others? Why would we rank the worst education systems in the world, and who does the ranking? The reason for ranking such countries is to help find means of improving their education. Some organizations offer education funding for free to vulnerable students, and with this information, they can decide who to help.

Worst Education System Ranking
Worst Education System Ranking

The countries with the worst education system include the Central African Republic, Pakistan, Angola, Myanmar, and Mali. Factors leading to this state comprise gender discrimination, exclusion of special group, among other reasons. Read on to learn what country has the worst education system and why.

Worst Education Systems in the World

When classifying countries with the best or worst education systems, there are factors that we have to assess. These factors include adult literacy percentage, enrollment, and drop-out levels. The lower extreme of adult literacy percentage and enrollment and an extremely high dropout signify an unsettled education system.

The following are countries with the worst education.

Central African Republic

Why is this country ranked to have the worst education system? Well, it possesses 50% adult literacy meaning that half of the adult population is uneducated. Many years of internal violence has also resulted in citizens leaving the country for refuge.

The schools in this country are extremely underfunded, and teachers frequently go unpaid. There is also a scarce supply of educational resources such as books and teaching aid. The nation also has low attendance at school.


Although this country has an elementary and high school system, it allocates the lowest expenditure for every student. It has low attendance rates, especially among girls, since their parents do not permit them to acquire education beyond the elementary level.


Angola has a four-year free education per child from seven years old. To learn beyond this level, parents have to pay the fee. More than half of Angolan boys do not join school. This number is higher for girls who are to stay at home. It’s estimated that less than 1 percent of students get a university degree, which makes to fall into this category of countries with the worst education system.


Internal conflicts in this country have negatively affected learning thus making it have the worst education system. The government does not fund schools, and the extreme poverty levels result in children not going to school. Most of the students drop out before fifth grade.


Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world, 50% of its population lives under the international poverty standard, i.e., USD 1.25 in a day. Although education is free, with a primary education of nine years, the cost of learning resources causes many children to leave school. It also has less than 50% adult literacy.

Causes of the Worst Education by State-(Countries with the Worst Education)

1. Inadequate funds for education

Developing countries rely on foreign aid because they can’t fund their education solely. If these countries invest 15cents more per child, it can make a big difference. The Global Partnership for Education advises developing countries to allocate 20% of their national budget to education, and contribute 45% of this to primary education.

2. Untrained Teachers and Absence of Teachers

Teachers’ effectiveness predicts learning in schools. Well, there are no enough teachers to accomplish universal primary and secondary education, and those currently working are untrained. Consequently, students are not getting a proper education.

Globally, 69 million new teachers is the estimate given by the UN needed to accomplish universal primary and secondary education by 2030.

3. Lack of Classrooms

In many sub-Saharan Africa countries, classes are often overcrowded or falling apart. The children also lack school supplies, textbooks, and other tools they need to excel.

For example, in Malawi, there is an average of 130 learners in a classroom in the first grade. Not only do they lack classrooms but also necessary facilities such as running water and washrooms.

4. Scarce Learning Materials

Five or more students share one outdated and shabby textbook in these countries. The students also lack enough workbooks, readers, exercise sheets, and other vital materials to learn. Similarly, teachers lack adequate materials to aid them in preparing lessons and guiding the students.

5. Exclusion of Children with Disabilities

While education is a human right globally, most children with disabilities are still being denied access to educational institutions. They also have lower attendance rates and a higher probability of dropping out before finishing primary education.

Discrimination, inaccessibility to schools, and teachers lacking inclusive methods leave this special group at risk of not getting education.

6. Gender Discrimination

Despite current improvements in girls’ education, some young women are being deprived of the right to education. One in three girls marries before 18 years in the developing world and leave school.

Poverty also pushes parents to the edge of choosing which of their children should go to school due to insufficient funds. Since there is a belief that there is less value in girls’ education, they instead send the boys to school.

7. Conflicts in the Countries

Without peace, children cannot learn. Some countries with the worst education often engage in wars, either internally or externally. Any time they settle and start catching up by sending their children to school and establishing learning facilities, another conflict emerges, disrupting the learning process.

With such an environment, education cannot succeed in raising the literacy level of these countries.

8. Home to School Distance

A walk of three hours is common for many children just to get to school. It means that these children have to use six hours walking to and from school every day. For students who have a disability or any other chronic illness, it proves to be a barrier making them leave school.

Top 10 African Countries with the Best Education Systems

Girls are also susceptible to violence on their way to and from school since they go to school early and come back late in the evening while trying to catch up with the long distance.

Final Thoughts

The worst education system is characterized by extremely low level of adult literacy and enrollment, and very high school dropouts. The Central African Republic is known to have these three characteristics making it to have the worst education. Other countries include Pakistan, Angola, Myanmar, and Mali.

This state’s origin includes inadequate funds for education, no classroom, scarce learning resources, gender discrimination, and exclusion of children with disabilities, among others. This condition calls for immediate actions such as allocating 20% of the national budget to education and 45% of it towards primary education, as the Global Partnership of Education recommends.

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