How to Write an Analytical Essay on an Article, Short Story, and Speech

Many students may find analytical essays intimidating. From a glance, they may seem sophisticated and challenging to formulate. In this article, I will help you understand; what is required in an analytical essay as well as how to put it all together to form a comprehensive analytical essay. Here’s a guide on how to write an analytical essay.

Step 1: Understanding The Perspective

Analysis lies at the heart of the process of apprehending any complicated theme or concept. It implies a breaking down of a complex body into more straightforward sections to make it more understandable. This is the primary goal of the analysis.

Essays of this nature will decompose a text, process, style, or idea as used in a particular medium so that the reader can assess its effectiveness according to the author’s purpose.

To perform an analysis of a work, the first thing you need to do is divide or categorize the subject into parts. These parts should provide you details that help you acquire an in-depth grasp of the matter.

Doing so will help you better appreciate how various components are related and work together to form a whole.

Having an understanding of what analysis entails will set you up for the next step in learning how to write an analytical essay.

Step 2: Identifying a Topic

At times, your instructor may provide you a topic of discussion for you to analyze. However, if this is not the case for you, you will have to select a subject to assess. It is essential to be aware of any requirements or instructions that your authority figure may give.

Whenever the choice is yours, you should identify a topic that entices your interest. You will be more motivated to analyze a work that you are curious about than a matter that bores or overwhelms you.  

Step 3: Scrutinize Your Subject

After you find a piece of work to assess, you will need to set some time apart to pull it apart. You will want to look at the subject from different angles. Ever heard of the phrase ‘keep your head on a swivel’? It means that you will have to find more than one perspective or approach to examining the piece.

You will need to identify recurring themes, styles, or persuasive devices that form the main parts of the work. Looking at each aspect will ensure that you achieve a good understanding of your subject. Determine how each element works and its contribution to the functionality of the whole.

Theme Analysis

This step involves establishing the notion, belief, or opinion that the author is portraying in the item. It usually presents itself as the recurring idea that is evident throughout the work. Once you identify a theme, describe how the author is conveying it. It may be through a direct statement, symbolic representation, or the overall effect of the piece.

Setting Analysis

Setting refers to the time, place, and surrounding circumstance. It provides the context of the scene by assessing how the surrounding atmosphere influences the subject of analysis. It elaborates on why the work is set during a particular period, season, or time of day. Explore how the elements are interacting with the setting. Does any mood arise as a result?

Perspective Analysis

Here, it would help if you focused on the author’s outlook of the piece. How does this point of view affect how you perceive the work? Is there a unique technique that the author uses to emphasize this standpoint? Find out the underlying attitudes, beliefs, or opinions that would cause the originator of the work to present it in the way they have.

Imagery Analysis

Is there any use of a symbolic or representative expression in the subject? Unravel why the writer is using particular repetitive images. Do they help to; evoke an emotion, determine the mood, reinforce a character, or relay a theme? In a literary work, imagery may appear through vivid descriptions that suggest the images of sensible objects.

Structural Analysis

This assessment focuses on the overall arrangement of the components of the piece. How does this organization help in communicating the theme or plot of the work? It could appear through the chronological order of how the piece unfolds.

Rhetorical analysis

It applies to literary works or speeches, and it evaluates its persuasiveness as a whole. Writers will achieve this convincingness through the use of rhetorical devices. There are three main stylistic choices; ethos, pathos, and logos. They appeal to the audience by focusing on credibility, emotions, and logical reasoning, respectively.

By analyzing these aspects, you will be in a better position to formulate a good thesis. Figure out what argument you wish to prove about the work.

Step 3: Gather Supportive Evidence

Now that you have effectively analyzed the work, the next thing to do is find the necessary proof that will support your assessment. You should have sufficient evidence to substantiate each claim you make. Each assertion should be validated using the facts you derive from your subject. You will want to organize this information in a way that confirms your thesis.

Also, you should be able to go further and explain your evidence. You may need to expound on how the various elements you scrutinize work together in the piece. At the same time, you should determine whether the author’s strategies were effective in meeting their goal.

Step 4: Organize Your Essay Outline

At this point, you should put down the format of your analytical essay. The structure of this essay is quite like that of any academic paper. It requires; an introduction, several body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

The Introduction

You will want to begin by telling your reader what the paper is about in summary. Identify the subject of your analysis and provide some contextual framework to help the reader better understand the work. It should be attention-grabbing and not too lengthy. It is natural to include your thesis statement in your introduction. It should encompass your primary argument as well as a brief explanation of how you plan to analyze the piece.

The Body

This is the central section of your paper. It will be helpful to arrange this section in paragraphs. Each paragraph should contain a fundamental idea that helps to prove your thesis statement. You may present this idea using a topic sentence. Also, it should have the corresponding evidence to support your assertions. An explanation of the proof should follow the evidence you provide. Conclude each paragraph by demonstrating how it links to your thesis.

The format of each paragraph should be as follows; a topic sentence, analysis of an aspect of the work, supporting proof, explanation of the evidence, and conclusion.


This is the final section of your paper. It should wrap up your argument and state whether you were able to prove your thesis or not. It may also comment on the effectiveness of the author’s strategies on the effect of the piece.

With your essay outline down, all that remains now is to write.

Final Thoughts

By now, you should have a good idea of what your analytical paper needs. If you follow the steps that I have provided in this piece, writing your paper will no longer be a daunting process. Take your time to handle each step appropriately to get the best results.

If, for any reason, it is still difficult for you to write an analytical paper, consider our invitation to handle it for you. We will deliver an exemplary paper that fits your requirements and will earn you a good grade.

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