How to Write an Undergraduate Scientific Paper: Step by Step Guide

Are you stuck with a scientific paper? If yes, you are not alone. Most students will successfully research their experimental project, but when it comes to writing the report, the going becomes tough.

Unfortunately, this undermines the performance. You may have the most accurate, eye-opening study, but if you don’t present report readers can understand, then your hours of research will go down the drain.

That is why this article focuses on how to write and publish a scientific paper. We’ll take a look at how to write a scientific introduction, and a few scientific research paper examples along the way to help you perfect your writing skills.

What is a Scientific Research Paper?

You cannot learn how to write a good scientific paper if you do not know what it is or why it’s of the essence.

That being said, a scientific research paper is a well-detailed, written report, discussing the original results of a research or a scientific study.

These reports are of the essence because they significantly contribute to the evolution of modern-day science. Here is how;

  • They’re original, independent studies built on existing knowledge on a human resource research topic or any other area of interest.
  • They entail a step by step, easy to replicate methodology and finding sections.

Science Paper Writing Structure and Tips

You cannot be categorized under those who know how to write and publish a scientific paper if your report doesn’t adhere to scientific formatting and design ethics. For a scientific research paper to achieve its purpose, each part should seamlessly guide the reader to the next. To learn how to write a good scientific paper, make sure you understand what each section entails.

Title

A scientific paper might be a little more complicated, but it uses a similar format as any other type of research. That being said, the first section is the title.

Although it’s very brief, usually between 10 and 15 words, it sets the pace for the rest of the paper. It should be succinct enough to tell the reader what your research entails, but not so technical that only experts can understand.

Make your title engaging enough to attract your reader, but avoid overstatements that may make your reader question the credibility of your work.

In other words, your title should be appropriate to your audience, but at the same time, easy for everyone else to understand. It should be engaging, but not exaggerated, and should enable the reader to tell what is in your research paper even before they read it.

For instance, if your research is on the impact of light and temperature on the development of Chloroflexi, the following scientific research paper examples of titles would leave your reader guessing;

Impact of light and temperature on bacteria- doesn’t tell the reader the bacteria in question, or the parameter being manipulated.

Effects of external factors on Escherichia Coli- Does not tell the reader what external factors are being studied.

However, if your title reads along the lines of; The Impact of Light and Temperature on the Populations of Chloroflexi, your reader can quickly tell the environmental factors manipulated, the parameter measured, and the specific organism studied.

Here are excellent scientific research paper examples of titles to give you an idea of what your title should be like;

  • Describe the optimal adaptation of buildings threatened by tsunamis, hurricanes, and other similar natural occurrences.
  • A study on why cancer survivors have a higher chance of resisting the Corona Virus
  • Biomacromolecules; What are they and why are they of the essence
  • The impact of nanotechnology on research and medical technology

Abstract

The abstract is more like a summary of your research paper. It comes right after the title page, and regardless of the writing style or project specifics, it should give your reader an objective preview of the paper. Note, there’s a difference between the abstract and the introduction.

As you will see on how to write a scientific introduction section below, the intro offers readers background information on the study, whereas the abstract summarizes the whole paper.

The abstract states the objective, methodology, findings, and conclusions of your research. It is also way too short, and based on the requirements, may be between 50 and 250 words.

Summarizing your research in one paragraph can be hard, especially if this is the first time you’re doing a scientific research paper. To nail it and master how to write a good scientific paper, start by summarizing what you think was the most critical part of the report, and then gradually narrow it down.

Also, although it comes after the title, page, write your abstract after you complete the rest of the paper and avoid adding new information, including table figures, or using abbreviations and citations.

Introduction

The title and the abstract tell your readers what they need to know about the contents of your study. The introduction determines if they will complete reading the rest of the paper. Want to master how to write a good scientific paper? Ensure you nail how to write a scientific introduction.

That being said, this section is meant to give the reader background information about the study. It should provide readers with enough information to understand the significance of your research, but not so much so they can remain curious about what’s in the rest of the paper. Here are some pointers on how to write a scientific introduction;

  • Start from a general point of view, and narrow it down gradually
  • Highlight the project objectives and significance
  • Cite adequately
  • State the thesis statement

Materials and Methods of a Science Paper

Once you master how to write a scientific introduction, you should work on writing an impressive materials and methods section. Fortunately, the material and methodology is the easiest part of the research paper. It describes the steps taken to conduct the research paper.

It should be detailed and as descriptive as possible because it justifies the legitimacy of your findings. Clearly state all the steps, materials, and subjects of your experiment.

If you carry out an elaborate experiment, create subsections, each clearly detailing your procedural steps.  Here’s a materials and methods section scientific research paper example;

  1. Using a pipette, measure and add 25ml of HCL(aq) in a conical flask
  2. Rinse a burette with NaOH(aq) and add it to the 0.0ml marking with NaOH(aq) and record the reading in table 1.
  3. Place a white paper sheet under the burette so it can be easier for you to observe the color change

Results

The results section is where you tell the reader what you found out after the experiments above. When you write a science paper, the results section should only lay the foundation for the interpretation of data in the discussion section.

Avoid providing an analysis of your data here. Instead of going into details, summarize your presumptions in data sets. If you carry out a complex study, divide your results into different sections, but make sure you follow the procedural section laid out in the methodology section.

Use graphs, tables, and other visual elements to make your findings easily digestible for the reader.

Discussion

If you master the discussion section, then your learning curve on how to write a good scientific paper becomes less steep.

This is where data from your result section is intuitively interpreted. It is an essential part of learning how to write and publish a scientific paper because it defines most of your research.

It is where you go into details about your findings. Here, you interpret the relationship between the different variables in your experiments. You also address the hypotheses based on evidence from your results sections. If the findings of your results were unexpected, ensure you explain why.

Indicate other data analysis and interpretation methods the reader may try, and state whether any further research is needed to address your hypotheses adequately. In a nutshell, your description should tie all the parts of your science research paper together.

Conclusion

The conclusion is your last chance to remind the reader once again why your study is essential. To write a science paper conclusion, ensure you clearly state your stand on the hypotheses, state what your research means to your field, and highlight the limitations of your study.

Remember, the conclusion is the part of your science paper editors, and readers remember the most. You want the reader to focus on what you’ve accomplished rather than the gaps you failed to address.

So, while it’s crucial to highlight the limitations of your study, end your paper on a high note. Highlighting your weaknesses at the start of the conclusion, and finish with your strongest points.

Perfect Your Science Paper Writing Skills Today

Even for A-level students, writing a scientific paper isn’t easy. It’s a time and resource-consuming process. You can make it a tad easier by maximizing our how to write and publish a scientific paper and scientific research paper examples.

Are you stuck and feel like you need professional help? Feel free to get in touch with our team of experienced scientific research paper writers for professional help.

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